Google already has a license since 2007
Most people forget this, but the earliest register entry for Google dates back to 2007 for E-money, and was handed out to Google Payment Limited in London. I blogged about it then, and since then we could see a Google Wallet in the works, Google bucks. The register of the FCA/FSA still has the entry here, demonstrating that it was effective until 19/5/2011. The brand name in the register is for Google-checkout.
Then from 19/5/2011 onwards there is the next register entry (with the register later being handed over to FCA by 31st of March 2013). The register entry is still for e-money with passports to other countries. These passports date from 18-5-2011 as our Dutch e-money register shows and the firm is also licensed to perform payments under the PSD1 definition. Offering additional PSD2 services is not part of this license.
As for trading names the FCA entry shows Google Wallet is used from 4-1-2013 to 23-1-2018 and since 20-2-2018 it has the brand names: Google Pay and Google Pay balance in the register as well. So the sum entry of all brand names in the UK register is:
- Google Pay,
- Google Pay balance,
- Google Checkout,
- Google Payment Limited,
- Google Wallet
Brexit coming: seek refuge
Now, with the Brexit coming up, there is of course the question how to manage future uncertainty. Many players have been trying to solve the puzzle and my assumption is that the recent moves towards Lithuania and Ireland are Brexit-related. Lithuania is quickly becoming a hot spot for e-money licenses and taking over the dominant role of London in this respect. The license there will allow Google to continue operating in the e-money and payments domain and also offer Payment Initiation and Payment account services. This makes Google Brexit-proof and PSD2-proof.
Also, we should note that Lithuania does a nice job in offering a digital form of license as well. Have a look at it over here.
When checking the Dutch register, I noted that there is no passport for the Lithuanian entry, but still the UK one. I expect however that the new passporting will become effective in a couple of months, so Google can continue its operations in the EU, now under the Lithuanian passport rather then the UK passport.
Google is since many years in the payments domain and treading carefully, applying different concepts and such. They made themselves Brexit and PSD2-proof by moving to Lithuania (where they are still wating for the passport procedures to finalise) and created additional future business flexibility by applying for payments issuing/transaction acquiring in Ireland.